Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases and health disorders that affect how the body deals with blood sugar, and in all different types of disease the level of blood sugar rises above the normal rate, which in severe cases leads to a group of problems It is noteworthy that blood sugar or glucose is one of the main vital sources that cells use to produce energy in the body, and it is the main source of energy for the brain. It is worth noting that when comparing the first and second types of diabetes, we find that type The second disease is spread much more widely than the first type, in addition to the presence of many other differences between them, and they include the following:
The Difference in Symptoms
The symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are the same when they appear, but the difference lies in the speed of these symptoms appearing and the time required for their appearance. Years without knowing it, The following is an explanation of some of the symptoms associated with the type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms:
- Increased thirst
- frequent urination.
- Severe hunger.
- Slow healing of ulcers. irritation.
- Unexplained changes in weight, often represented by a decrease in the first type and an increase in the second type.
- Fatigue and fatigue.
- Blurred vision.
- Recurring infections such as vaginal infections, skin infections and bacterial infections.
- The appearance of ketones in the urine, and their appearance is a by-product of the process of breakdown of fats and muscles that occurs when insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin are not available.
The difference is in the cause
There is a difference in the causes of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, including the following:
Type 1 Diabetes
Scientists have not yet been able to determine the exact cause of type 1 diabetes, but it is believed that it is a combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental factors, although these factors also remain unclear. As for weight, it is believed that there is no role in it. That, and it has been shown that in this type of disease, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the body and destroys them, which leads to a significant decrease in the level of insulin in the blood or even its absence, and thus sugar accumulates in the blood.
Type 2 Diabetes
This type of diabetes occurs for reasons that are also not entirely clear, and it is believed that there are genetic and environmental factors that play a role in its development, the most obese of which are; Its appearance is closely related to weight gain, but on the other hand, not all people with it suffer from overweight, and it is worth noting that the accumulation of sugar in the blood in the case of type 2 diabetes and its pre-diabetes, known as pre-diabetes or prediabetes. Prediabetes results from the body’s cells’ resistance to the hormone insulin, with the pancreas being unable to produce more of it to compensate for this resistance.
The difference in treatment
The method of treating type 1 diabetes differs from the method of treating type 2 diabetes as follows:
Type 1 Diabetes: The patient here needs insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump due to the cessation of its production inside his body, and therefore he has to use a blood glucose meter to check the level of sugar in his blood approximately four times a day to determine the amount of insulin to be used after taking accurate medical advice .
Type 2 Diabetes: The treatment here begins with making some lifestyle adjustments such as exercising and eating a healthy diet mostly, and the doctor may decide to resort to some treatment methods such as oral medications that help stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin , and the patient may also need to measure The average of his blood sugar several times a day according to his health, and with the passage of time, the pancreas may stop producing insulin completely, in this case the patient will need to get insulin injections as well to reduce the rate of sugar.
Treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes
The test blood hemoglobin diabetes or cumulative sugar test or glycated hemoglobin and Acronym A1C diagnostic test President to reveal the incidence of two types of first diabetes and the second.
The analysis being on the blood of the person concerned a sample taken by dragging or acupuncturist to get the average sugar rate Blood during the past two or three months, and the result of this test is expressed in the percentage that rises with a high blood sugar level during those months. People with certain health disorders such as sickle cell anemia or sickle cell trait, because the diabetic hemoglobin test does not give accurate results in these patients.
Diabetes risk factors
There is no clear difference in the rate of diabetes incidence between women and men, but the presence of some factors may increase the risk of developing it, examples of which are the following:
Ethnicity: It was found that the incidence rate among black-skinned individuals and Hispanic individuals exceeds the incidence of non-Hispanic whites or non-Hispanic Asians, and that the highest rates of diabetes are recorded among residents of Alaska, Mexican Americans and Native American Americans.
Age: it has been noted that the incidence of diabetes increases with age.
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