What are Wisdom Teeth? Purpose, Symptoms & When They Come In


In your mouth the permanent teeth that come in the last are the wisdom teeth. When you are 17 years old then these teeth start coming in your mouth. Below the gumline some dental complications can occur because of wisdom teeth. Certain issues of health and infections can occur because of this. Under such a situation it becomes necessary to extract these teeth surgically.

Wisdom teeth’s purpose and function

Earlier reed plants and sticks that are considered as rougher food were eaten by our distant ancestors and for eating these, they got a lot of help from wisdom teeth. At that time replacements were provided by wisdom teeth during the falling out or wearing down of the other teeth. But now a teeth replacement of this type is not needed because softer diets and oral hygiene have become so advanced. There are a total of 32 teeth in our mouth in which 4 wisdom teeth are included. Infection, damage of the nerve and bone and overcrowding are the symptoms of wisdom teeth.

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Symptoms of wisdom teeth

Symptoms of wisdom teeth

There are some symptoms for the coming of wisdom teeth:

  • On the molars’ back side, you will feel pain. With the growth of the wisdom tooth, you will feel an increase in the pain.
  • At the site there will be swelling, tenderness, redness and pain which are some more symptoms of wisdom teeth. An infection can occur by the entry of bacteria in the gum’s that part where these teeth start coming. The overall health of your body can get affected because of infections in your mouth.
  • Sometimes a blocking of these teeth by the neighboring teeth or jaw bone occurs and this state is known as impacted state. For your oral health, problems can occur if the impacted state remains for a longer time because of the elongation of the roots and trapping of the upper part of the teeth. Complications, infection and in the mouth’s back part a severe pain can occur because of this. Some of the infection signs are swelling, redness and foul breath. Tumors and cysts can occur if the wisdom tooth that is impacted remains untreated.

The bone and the tissue that surrounds the tooth can get damaged because of cysts. Extraction of the wisdom tooth can become complicated if the cysts convert into tumors. A procedure for extracting the tooth that involves surgery and is more invasive will be required if you do not take appropriate steps for getting a relief from the pain of wisdom tooth.

Sometimes from the gums there is a partial emergence of the wisdom tooth. Because of this, in the tooth’s opening area, the entry of bacteria can occur. Infection can occur if you will not get relief from pain in the wisdom tooth. General illness, stiffness, pain in the jaw, swelling, redness and more tooth pain can occur because of infection. There is a possibility of your entire body getting affected if in your bloodstream the oral infections enter.

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Treatment for wisdom teeth

Normally the tooth’s extraction is its treatment that is most common. After giving a general anesthesia or a local anesthesia to the patient, the oral surgeon or the dentist extracts the tooth. Before the extraction procedure the dentist will discuss with the patients about any complications. It will be easy to remove the tooth if from the gum’s surface an eruption of the tooth has already taken place. However, it can be difficult to remove a wisdom tooth that is impacted. In the gum’s surface that contains the tooth, the dentist makes an incision. The tooth may be covered by a bone, whose removal is also necessary. Then the dentist completely extracts the tooth. You can get relief from the symptoms of wisdom teeth by a procedure that is most common and is known as the extraction of wisdom teeth.

Today you do not have to face problems with your wisdom tooth because prior to the problem you will be recommended for its removal by the dentist.

Some important questions

What is the purpose of the wisdom teeth?

For treating the infection of the wisdom tooth, its extraction is mostly recommended by the dentist. It is because wisdom teeth are not necessarily needed in our mouth. Then what is the reason behind the presence of these teeth in our mouth? Earlier a lot of chewing power was needed for eating meats, nuts and roots that are rough foods. Because of this our ancestors were having these teeth.

What is the age of the emerging wisdom tooth?

At 17 to 21 years of age the emergence of the wisdom tooth occurs. It will be better if at an early age you go for their extraction. A delay in the procedure can make it more complicated.

If I ever observe the symptoms of wisdom teeth then I will visit the Best dentist near me.