Usually, before purchasing a vehicle, you look into what kind of vehicle would suit you and your lifestyle. Factors such as, the type of route you will take, the number of passengers you are likely to have, the different people who will be driving the car, all play into the decision-making process. However, these factors don’t just stop at the type of car, they also contribute to the type of tyres you are likely to be using.
To know which tyres you are currently using, have a look at the sidewall of your tyres. There should be a code – a mix of alphabets and numbers (more on this later). The first alphabet(s) is usually either a P or LT. P stands for Passenger Tyre and LT stands for Light Truck Tyres.
If your vehicle is for personal use, meaning you drive on normal roads, maybe even just within the city, you are most likely going to be using Passenger Tyres. Vehicles such as a sedan, hatchback, even SUVs and smaller pick-up trucks, all use Passenger Tyres.
These tyres are usually on the affordable side and provide great performance for an everyday car. Hence why the popularity. They are also versatile and most type of tyres under this category can be used throughout the year, during all various seasons. They also aid in quiet and comfortable ride and offer high mileage rating.
Also Read : Read This Before You Buy a New Tyre
Light Truck Tyres
This category of tyres is usually reserved for heavy-duty vehicles. Vehicles such as big trucks, vans and even ¾ ton trucks. There are various types of tyres under this classification, depending on the range of weight the vehicle carries on a day to day basis.
As these tyres are made for transporting hefty and large cargo, they are made to withstand more rough conditions than the Passenger Tyres. Light truck tyre prices are also higher and they are usually not so readily available in the market as compared to Passenger Tyres. Furthermore, due to the thick rubber casing around them, they offer a bit of a noisier ride in contrast to their counterparts.
Before deciding, it is important to make sure the tyres you choose can carry the weight of the vehicle, any cargo that you are likely to be carrying, and is suitable for the type of weather and route you are going to be taking. If you have a ¾ ton truck and going to use it for a mundane use – let’s say to and back from work, Passenger Tyres will still not be appropriate as they cannot withstand the substantial weight of the car.
Even if you don’t have a heavy-duty truck but are likely to attach a heavy load to your car and pull it from time to time, perhaps sturdier tyres will be a better choice. On the other hand, opting for a Light Truck Tyre for an SUV could lead to a noisy and intolerable journey.
All of these prerequisites of the tyre are denoted by the code found on the sidewall of the said tyre. As mentioned above, the code is alphanumeric and gives more information than just the type of tyre it is. For example, in the code: ‘P215/65R15 95H M+S’, 95 is the load carrying index while M+S indicates the tyre can be used in ‘Muddy’ and ‘Snowy’ terrains. So, this particular tyre will be good for an everyday sedan. Hence, the type of tyre changes depending on the weather.
So, look for the code before deciding which tyres will be the best choice for you. If you are still unclear about the code, look at your car manual, the manufacturer usually mentions the type of tyres that is best suited for your vehicle. Or, you could ask a trusted auto mechanic for a professional opinion. It’s better to ask someone who is not selling you the tyres, to know their unbiased opinion and advice.